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it is already home to established companies in both agriculture and pharmaceuticals, said John Hardin, executive director of the Office of Science, Technology, and Innovation at the state’s Department of Commerce.
North Carolina’s marine bio industry is still nascent compared to some other coastal states. California’s representation at BioMarine included San Diego-based Sapphire Energy, and Stellar Biotechnologies (OTC: SBOTD), located in Port Hueneme, CA. Both companies already have commercialized products; Sapphire sells algae-based fuels and is expanding into nutraceuticals and aquaculture. Stellar provides to drug companies a protein derived from a rare aquatic snail that is a key pharmaceutical ingredient in immunotherapies. North Carolina’s bio-marine footprint in the state is small. Of the more than 600 biotech life science companies in the state counted by the North Carolina Biotechnology Center, just eight are categorized as aquaculture/marine. The NC State/UNC drug delivery research using material from shrimp shells and seaweed is not yet a company.
In order for North Carolina to become a marine bio hub, economic developers may need to widen their scope beyond the research developed within state borders. Many of the life science companies now based in Research Triangle Park were recruited to relocate there by the Biotech Center. The state-funded organization offers a mix of grant and loan programs intended to help early-stage companies reach the point where they can raise larger equity investments. The center says it has been involved in the recruitment or expansion of 36 life science companies from 2008 through 2014, but it has no breakdown for marine bio companies.
Hardin believes that the same North Carolina economic development infrastructure that brought agbio and pharma companies to RTP can also bring marine industry companies to the state. Few states have agencies comparable to the Biotech Center, which could help North Carolina stand out, he said during a panel discussion about international cooperation.
North Carolina already has a workforce ready for marine bio jobs. Wilmington’s coastal location has fostered strong marine science programs from high school through post-doctoral research, said Michelle Saboun, director of biotechnology/marine biotechnology at Brunswick Community College, speaking during a marine biotechnology panel. But she added that the region does not yet have the critical mass of companies to hire graduates.
“The problem I see is a massive brain drain,” Saboun said. “We don’t have a local [marine bio] industry. It’s just starting.”
Photo of beach on North Carolina’s Outer Banks courtesy of Flickr user Karen Blaha under a Creative Commons license.